HomeVocabulary ListsTop 100 Irregular verbs

Top 100 Irregular verbs

These are the 100 most commonly used English Irregular verbs. This is useful for learning English quickly.

Siddharth Raayan
Siddharth RaayanImproving English


  • verb:abide
  • 3rd person present:abides
  • past tense:abided
  • past participle:abided
  • gerund or present participle:abiding

1)accept or act in accordance with (a rule, decision, or recommendation).

"I said I would abide by their decision"

2)be unable to tolerate (someone or something).

"if there is one thing I cannot abide it is a lack of discipline"


  • verb:alight
  • 3rd person present:alights
  • past tense:alighted
  • past participle:alighted
  • gerund or present participle:alighting

1)descend from a train, bus, or other form of transport.

"he was the only passenger to alight from the train"


  • verb:arise
  • 3rd person present:arises
  • past tense:arose
  • gerund or present participle:arising
  • past participle:arisen

1)(of a problem, opportunity, or situation) emerge; become apparent.

"new difficulties had arisen"

2)get or stand up.

"he arose at 9:30 and went out for a walk"


  • verb:awake
  • 3rd person present:awakes
  • past tense:awoke
  • gerund or present participle:awaking
  • past participle:awoken

1)stop sleeping; wake from sleep.

"she awoke to find the streets covered in snow"


  • verb:be
  • 3rd person present:is
  • 3rd person present:are
  • 3rd person present:am
  • past tense:was
  • past tense:were
  • gerund or present participle:being
  • past participle:been


"there are no easy answers"

2)occur; take place.

"the exhibition will be in November"

  • verb:be
  • 3rd person present:is
  • 3rd person present:are
  • 3rd person present:am
  • past tense:was
  • past tense:were
  • gerund or present participle:being
  • past participle:been

1)used with a present participle to form continuous tenses.

"they are coming"

2)used with a past participle to form the passive mood.

"it was done"


  • verb:bear
  • 3rd person present:bears
  • past tense:bore
  • gerund or present participle:bearing
  • past participle:borne

1)carry the weight of; support.

"the bees form large colonies and need the thick branches of tall trees to bear the weight of their nests"

2)endure (an ordeal or difficulty).

"she bore the pain stoically"


  • verb:beat
  • 3rd person present:beats
  • past tense:beat
  • gerund or present participle:beating
  • past participle:beaten

1)strike (a person or an animal) repeatedly and violently so as to hurt or injure them, typically with an implement such as a club or whip.

"if we were caught we were beaten"

2)defeat (someone) in a game or other competitive situation.

"she beat him easily at chess"


  • verb:become
  • 3rd person present:becomes
  • past tense:became
  • gerund or present participle:becoming
  • past participle:become

1)begin to be.

"it is becoming clear that we are in a totally new situation"

2)(of clothing) look good on or suit (someone).

"the dress becomes her"


  • verb:begin
  • 3rd person present:begins
  • past tense:began
  • gerund or present participle:beginning
  • past participle:begun

1)start; perform or undergo the first part of (an action or activity).

"it was beginning to snow"

2)not have any chance or likelihood of doing a specified thing.

"circuitry that Karen could not begin to comprehend"


  • verb:behold
  • 3rd person present:beholds
  • past tense:beheld
  • past participle:beheld
  • gerund or present participle:beholding

1)see or observe (a thing or person, especially a remarkable or impressive one).

"the botanical gardens were a wonder to behold"


  • verb:bend
  • 3rd person present:bends
  • past tense:bent
  • past participle:bent
  • gerund or present participle:bending

1)shape or force (something straight) into a curve or angle.

"the rising wind bent the long grass"

2)(of a person) incline the body downward from the vertical.

"I bent over my plate"


  • verb:bet
  • 3rd person present:bets
  • past tense:bet
  • past participle:bet
  • past tense:betted
  • past participle:betted
  • gerund or present participle:betting

1)risk something, usually a sum of money, against someone else's on the basis of the outcome of a future event, such as the result of a race or game.

"I would be prepared to bet that what he really wanted was to settle down"

2)feel sure.

"I bet this place is really spooky late at night"


  • verb:bid
  • 3rd person present:bids
  • past tense:bid
  • past participle:bid
  • gerund or present participle:bidding

1)offer (a certain price) for something, especially at an auction.

"a consortium of dealers bid a world record price for a snuff box"

  • verb:bid
  • 3rd person present:bids
  • past tense:bid
  • past tense:bade
  • gerund or present participle:bidding
  • past participle:bid

1)utter (a greeting or farewell) to.

2)command or order (someone) to do something.

"I did as he bade me"


  • verb:bind
  • 3rd person present:binds
  • past tense:bound
  • past participle:bound
  • gerund or present participle:binding

1)tie or fasten (something) tightly.

"the logs were bound together with ropes"

2)cohere or cause to cohere in a single mass.

"mix the flour with the coconut and enough egg white to bind them"


  • verb:bite
  • 3rd person present:bites
  • past tense:bit
  • gerund or present participle:biting
  • past participle:bitten

1)(of a person or animal) use the teeth to cut into or through something.

"he bit off a piece of cheese"

2)(of a fish) take the bait or lure on the end of a fishing line into the mouth.

"I marvel at how easily and eagerly a chub will bite"


  • verb:bleed
  • 3rd person present:bleeds
  • past tense:bled
  • past participle:bled
  • gerund or present participle:bleeding

1)lose blood from the body as a result of injury or illness.

"the cut was bleeding steadily"

2)draw blood from (someone), especially as a once-common method of treatment in medicine.

"he didn't bleed his patients with leeches"


  • verb:blow
  • 3rd person present:blows
  • past tense:blew
  • past participle:blown
  • gerund or present participle:blowing

1)(of wind) move creating an air current.

"a cold wind began to blow"

2)expel air through pursed lips.

"Will took a deep breath, and blew"

  • verb:blow
  • 3rd person present:blows
  • past tense:blew
  • gerund or present participle:blowing
  • past participle:blown

1)produce flowers or be in flower.

"I know a bank where the wild thyme blows"


  • verb:break
  • 3rd person present:breaks
  • past tense:broke
  • gerund or present participle:breaking
  • past participle:broken

1)separate or cause to separate into pieces as a result of a blow, shock, or strain.

"the branch broke with a loud snap"

2)interrupt (a sequence, course, or continuous state).

"his concentration was broken by a sound"


  • verb:breed
  • 3rd person present:breeds
  • past tense:bred
  • past participle:bred
  • gerund or present participle:breeding

1)(of animals) mate and then produce offspring.

"toads are said to return to the pond of their birth to breed"


  • verb:bring
  • 3rd person present:brings
  • past tense:brought
  • past participle:brought
  • gerund or present participle:bringing

1)take or go with (someone or something) to a place.

"she brought Luke home from the hospital"

2)cause (someone or something) to be in a particular state or condition.

"it was an economic policy that would have brought the country to bankruptcy"

Showing 1 - 20 of 100 items
Showing 1 - 20 of 100 items